“In aikido, we don’t rely on weapons or brute force to achieve a goal, instead we act in accordance with the laws of the universe, save the world around us, protect lives and prevent destruction and death” – this is the quote by Morihei Ueshiba that reveals the philosophical meaning of martial arts.
The founder of aikido (translated from Japanese consists of three words – harmony, energy, path) Morihei Ueshib studied many kinds of martial arts before creating his own. In 1922, he began teaching aikido to his students. Every year the fame of him and his martial art grew. Already in 1927, Morihei moved to Tokyo to teach aikido to representatives of the nobility and the military elite. Despite the apparent ease of this struggle, the training was rather tough and exhausting, not everyone could withstand such a pace. The aikido flourished in the 1930s – the number of branches and followers grew steadily. And now, in some areas of Japan, in order to be awarded the title of “police officer,” it is necessary to have at least the second aikido in question. In 1976, the International Aikido Federation (IAF) was organized.
Aikido At the end of the 60s, this kind of martial art came to the territory of the USSR – Rukavishnikov opened the first section in Leningrad, after coming from Mali, where he studied aikido. Only a few years later, this kind of struggle began to be taught in Moscow, Kiev and other cities. And in 1990, the USSR Aikido Federation began its work.
Aikido is a defense system, not an attack. Receptions (throws, strikes, strangulation and painful hold) are more likely aimed at self-defense than at inflicting damage to the enemy. Even for this purpose, circular movements are used, which brings the enemy off balance. It is also allowed to use different types of weapons – swords (katana, bokken and wakizashi), knives (tanto), staffs (bo), etc. Development in aikido goes according to danas (for masters) and kyu (for students).
There are many organizations of Aikido, the most popular at the moment Aikido Aikikai, created in 1940 in Japan with the participation of Morihei Ueshiba.
On the territory of Russia, this type of martial arts is taught by high-level instructors (up to 5 dan) – Mikhail Averbakh, Alexey Dyakov, Marina Karpova, Vyacheslav Matveyev, Oleg Nudnov, Mikhail Safronov and others who represent our country at international aikido events.